Wood Packaging Requirements
All import shipments
into Canada and the United States that are packed in wooden
crates or shrink wrapped on wooden pallets are required to meet
regulation ISPM-15 regarding packaging. Thus Astlett Rubber
Inc. also requires all wood packaging to meet these regulations.
The infestation risk represented by wood packaging materials
and dunnage varies depending on the quality, conditioning and
degree of finishing of the wood. Many exotic plant pests have
been intercepted on non-manufactured wood dunnage, pallets,
crating and other wood packaging materials.
Examples of plant
quarantine pests intercepted include the Asian long horned beetle,
pine shoot beetle, and the emerald ash borer. Other exotic pests
now established in parts of North America can be linked to international
shipments containing non-manufactured wood packaged materials.
Canada's list of regulated pests may be obtained on the Canadian
Food Inspection Agency website (CFIA).
Wood packaging materials of all specifics that are not manufactured,
including dunnage, pallets, spacers, bearers, and crating. Astlett
suppliers providing wooden crates for shipment purposes are
specifically affected by the ISPM-15 regulations.
All wooden packaging materials constructed entirely from manufactured
wood including: dunnage, pallets, spacers, bearers, crating,
etc. All wood packaging materials constructed of wood less than
6 mm in thickness or from peeler cores is also exempt, along
with wood packing constructed from particles such as sawdust,
wood shavings, wood wool, etc.
of Treated Non-manufactured Wood Packaging Materials
wood packaging materials may enter Canada provided the material
has been officially treated by one of the two specified methods.
A logo or mark, officially endorsed
by the NPPO (National Plant Protection Organization) of
the country from which the wood packaging originates, must be
permanently affixed to each unit of wood packaging materials.
The NPPO of the origin country must
have a certification system in place for the approval and monitoring
of facilities producing treated wood packaging materials. This
certification system must ensure that the wood packaging materials
or wood used in wood packaging materials are treated in accordance
with one of the two specific treatment methods. Facilities must
be approved by the NPPO to affix a mark to the treated wood packaging
materials. The system of marking must conform to the laid out
The CFIA (Canadian Food Inspection
Agency), until June 1, 2004, may permit the entry of wood packaging
materials from countries that do not have a certification system
in place. The wood packaging materials must have been treated
in accordance with the treatment specifications and must be accompanied
by a document officially endorsed by the NPPO of the country producing
wood packaging materials. The document must identify the treatment
that has been applied to the wood packaging materials, the date
treatment was applied, the signature and date of the certifying
official of the NPPO and the nature of the product accompanying
the wood packaging materials (i.e. Natural Rubber). Arrangements
regarding the types of certificates to be used, the endorsements
to be applied, must be made available to the CFIA prior to any
wood packaging materials certified in this manner entering Canada.
The importation or movement in-transit through Canada of untreated
non-manufactured wood packaging materials from any area of the
world excluding the United States is prohibited.
Untreated non-manufactured wood packaging
materials originating from areas other than the United States
but transiting through the United States and entering Canada is
Any regulated material found to
be in non-compliance with the important requirements will be ordered
removed from Canada.
CFIA inspection staff will inspect imports containing wood
packaging materials at a rate specified within Area operational
work plans. Inspectors will verify that wood packaging materials
are marked appropriately or accompanied by appropriate certification
documents and check that the wood packaging material does not
contain any pests or signs of living pests.
Methods of Treatment
The three methods of treatment listed below are approved according
to ISPM-15 regulations. Any of the methods below may be used to
ensure the regulations are satisfied.
1. Heat Treatment
All wood packaging materials must be heated to a minimum internal
wood core temperature of 56°C for 30 minutes. Kiln-drying, chemical
pressure impregnation, or other treatments may be used as a means
of achieving heat treatment provided that the above temperature
and time requirements are met.
Wood may be fumigated with methyl bromide at normal atmospheric
pressure at the following rates:
21°C or above
16°C or above
11°C or above
3. Other Treatment Methods (subject
to prior verification)
The CFIA may approve other treatment measures, if it can be proven
that such measures are effective in minimizing the risks of quarantine
pests associated with untreated wood packaging materials. Importers
should contact a local office of the CFIA to enquire about the
use of other treatments. All costs associated with the verification
that an alternative treatment method is effective in precluding
pest movement into Canada, must be borne by the shipper.
Acceptable for the Marking of Treated Wood Packaging Materials
Wood packaging materials that has been treated by one of the two
specified methods and in a manner officially endorsed by the NPPO
of the country from which the wood packaging material originates
may be permitted entry into Canada provided the wood packaging
materials is marked as follows:
1. The mark must as minimum include:
- The IPPC symbol for treated wood
packaging materials as reproduced here:
- Any other marking system provided
by the NPPO of the country in which the wood packaging materials
is produced, provided a template of the officially endorsed
symbol has been provided to the CFIA prior to any shipments
2. NPPOs or producers may at their
discretion add control numbers or other information used for identifying
specific lots. Other information may also be included provided
it is not confusing, misleading, or deceptive.
3. Markings should be legible, permanent
and not transferable (tags are not allowed), and placed in a visible
location on at least two opposite sides of the article being certified.
4. The colors: red or orange should
5. Reconditioned wood packaging materials
must be treated and contain the marks of the facility approved
to perform the re-treatment.
Additional information is available by visiting the following links:
Canadian Food Inspection Agency - Policy Directive 98-08
Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Plant Health Division - Forestry Section
Guidelines for Regulating Wood Packaging Material in International Trade
Astlett Rubber Inc.
277 Lakeshore Road East
Oakville, Ontario L6J 1H9
Portions of this document were taken from Entry Requirements
for Wood Packaging Materials Produced in All Areas Other Than
the United States, courtesy of the Canadian Food Inspection
Agency. The full regulatory document can be viewed on the Canadian
Food Inspection Agency website.